Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), or simply arthrogryposis, describes congenital joint contracture in two or more areas of the body. It derives its name. Abstract. ANTUNEZ, Natalia Hernández et al. Artrogriposis múltiple congénita: análisis de los pacientes asistidos en el Centro de Rehabilitación Infantil Teletón . A case report of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita in monochorionic is a group of rarely occurring musculoskeletal disorders, characterised by multiple joint.

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Cleidocranial dysostosis Sprengel’s deformity Wallis—Zieff—Goldblatt syndrome. This position is held into place with two cross K-wires. Macrocephaly Platybasia Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia Dolichocephaly Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome Plagiocephaly Saddle nose.

Report of five patients from three Italian families”. A Review and Approach to Prenatal Diagnosis”. The major cause in humans is fetal akinesia. European Journal of Pediatrics.

AMC has been divided into three groups: Intelligence is normal to above normal in children with amyoplasia, [4] but it is not known how many of these children have an above normal intelligence, and there is no literature available about the cause of this syndrome.

Other mutations that could cause arthrogryposis are: The Journal of Hand Surgery. These surgeries are explained below. Loss of muscle mass with an imbalance of muscle power at the joint can lead to connective tissue abnormality. The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. The flap is rotated around the tightest part of the thumb to the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb, allowing for a larger range of motion.

Sufficient bone is resected to at least be able to put the wrist in a neutral position. This tissue can be used to resurface the thumb-index web after a comprehensive release of all the tight structures to allow for a larger range of motion of the thumb. Types of arthrogryposis with a primary neurological or muscle disease belong to the syndromic group. Bleeding pain Osteophyte villonodular synovitis Pigmented villonodular synovitis stiffness.


This is the fourth report of similar characteristics artrogrkposis the literature reviewed. Rather, it was presented because of one or several external factors probably mechanical affecting the foetus which may have jeopardised the normal development of the joints and led to AMC appearing.

Arthrogryposis – Wikipedia

Arthrogryposis could also be caused by intrinsic factors. There is often an appearance of increased skin at the base of the index finger that is part of the deformity. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. These other diagnoses could affect any organ in a patient. How to cite this article.

D ICD – By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita AMC is multuple group of rarely occurring musculoskeletal disorders, characterised by multiple joint contractures affecting the muscles congeniha the upper and lower limbs and the back. Myasthenia gravis of the mother leads also in rare cases to arthrogryposis.

Other causes could be: A Review and Update”. For example, the Wilmington Robotic Exoskeleton is a potential assistive device built on a back brace, shadowing the upper arm and forearm. Confirmation of a new type of arthrogryposis”.

Adult-onset Still’s disease Felty’s syndrome 3. The garment looks like normal clothing but contains bundled steel wires under the arms, which help to push the arms toward a lifted position while allowing the wearer to move freely from that position.


All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed multiplr a Creative Commons Attribution License. But with proper treatment, most children make significant improvements in their range of motion and ability to move their limbs which enables them to do activities of daily life, and live relatively normal lives. Acheiropodia Ectromelia Phocomelia Amelia Hemimelia.


Diseases of joints M00—M19— The treatment of arthrogryposis includes occupational therapyphysical multoplesplinting and surgery. This technique is called the index rotation flap.

The joint contractures that are present will not get worse than they are at the time of birth. Researchers at the University of Delaware are developing a light and unobtrusive therapeutic garment, suitable for babies and children, called the Playskin Lift. There is no way to completely resolve or cure AMC. The Journal of Pediatrics. If the wrist is also ulnarly deviated, more bone can be taken from the radial side to correct this abnormality. The flap is made as wide as possible, but still small enough to close with the excessive skin on the palmar side of the index finger.

Services on Demand Article. Madelung’s deformity Clinodactyly Oligodactyly Polydactyly. The Journal of Bone and Joint Muotiple. This is mostly the result of abnormal function of the dystrophin – glycoprotein -associated complex in the sarcolemma of skeletal muscles. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. AMC is considered non-progressive, so with proper medical treatment, things can improve. On the dorsal side, at the level of the mid carpusa wedge osteotomy is made.