Creativity under the gun. Amabile TM(1), Hadley CN, Kramer SJ. Author information: (1)Harvard Business School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. If you’re like. Data from employees’ diaries showed that creative thinking under extreme time pressure is Amabile, Teresa M.; Hadley, Constance N.; Kramer, Steven J. Type: Article; Author(s): T. Amabile, C. Hadley, S. Kramer; Date: ; Publisher: Harvard Business Publishing; Page start: 1; Page end: 9; Check for local.

Author: Zulkikinos Malagrel
Country: Belize
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Business
Published (Last): 6 December 2013
Pages: 483
PDF File Size: 3.1 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.53 Mb
ISBN: 666-3-75267-719-8
Downloads: 81936
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kazrarg

Article Harvard Business Review August Hadley and Steven J. If you’re like most managers, you’ve worked with people who swear they do their most creative work under tight deadlines. You may use pressure as a management technique, believing it will spur people on to great leaps of insight. You may even manage yourself this way.

Creativity under the gun.

If so, are you right? Not necessarily, these researchers say. There are instances where ingenuity flourishes under extreme time pressure–for instance, a NASA team within hours comes up with a primitive but effective fix for the failing air filtration system aboard Apollo But when creativity is under the gun, it usually ends up getting killed, the authors say.

They recently took a close look at how people experience time pressure, collecting and analyzing more than 9, daily diary entries from individuals who were working on projects that required high levels of creativity and measuring their ability to creativitt under varying levels of time pressure. The authors describe common characteristics of time pressure and outline four working environments under which creativity may or may not flourish.

  2960 24TC S PDF

High-pressure days that still yield creativity are full of focus and meaningful urgency–people feel like they are on a mission. High-pressure days that yield no creativity lack cgeativity focus–people feel like they are on a treadmill, forced to switch gears often. On low-pressure days that yield creativity, people feel like they are on an expedition–exploring ideas rather than just identifying problems.

And on low-pressure days that yield no creative thinking, people work on autopilot–doing their jobs without engaging too deeply.

Creativity Under the Gun | University College London

Managers should avoid extreme time pressure when possible; after all, complex cognitive processing takes time. For when they can’t, the authors suggest ways to mollify its effects. Amabile, Amabbile, Constance N. Hadley, and Steven J.

Turning Ideas into Profits. Harvard Business Review 80, no. Chapter Individual Creativity in the Workplace Organizations ; Problems and Challenges ; Creativity.

Article Academy of Management Journal August Deep Help in Complex Project Work: Fisher, Julianna Pillemer and Teresa M. Business and Environment Business History Entrepreneurship. Finance Globalization Health Care. Finance General Management Marketing. Technology and Operations Management.

Creativity Under the Gun

About the Author Teresa M. Cite View Details Crativity. Rapid technological change, global competition, and economic uncertainty have all contributed to organizations seeking to improve creativity and innovation.

Researchers and businesses want to know what factors facilitate or inhibit creativity in a variety of organizational settings.

Individual Creativity in the Workplace identifies those factors, including what ajabile and cognitive factors influence individual creativity, as well as the contextual factors that impact creativity such as teams and leadership.


The book takes research findings out of the lab and provides examples of these findings put to use in real world organizations. Amabile How do teams working on complex projects get the help they need?

Our qualitative investigation of the help provided to project teams at a prominent design firm revealed two distinct helping processes, both characterized by deep, sustained engagement that unnder exceeds the brief interactions described in the helping literature.

Such deep help consisted of 1 guiding a team through a difficult juncture by working with its members in several prolonged, tightly clustered sessions, or 2 path-clearing by helping a team address a persistent deficit via briefer, intermittent sessions throughout a project’s life. We present a model theorizing these processes, which has two noteworthy features.

Creativity under the gun.

First, it emphasizes the socially constructed nature of helping behavior. That is, the parties must establish and maintain a helping frame for their interaction, especially when help-givers are high-status external leaders.

Second, the model specifies that the rhythms of deep help—the duration and temporal patterns of giver-receiver interactions—are resource-allocation decisions that also contribute to the social meaning of help. These findings illuminate the theoretical and practical overlap between helping and external leadership in knowledge-intensive project work as well as the role of temporality in the helping process.

Find at Harvard Purchase.