kehilangan perlekatan klinis. Klasifikasi Periodontitis: 1. Chronic Periodontitis 2. Aggressive Periodontitis 3. Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic. Klasifikasi periodontitis berdasarkan manifestasi klinisnya Klasifikasi periodonitas menurut Goldman. Schluger. Difus c.. dan Fox (): 1. Traumatik oklusi c. The simultaneous existence of pulpal problems and inflammatory periodontal disease can complicate diagnosis and treatment planning.

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Rubach and Mitchell [ 18 ] suggested that the periodontal disease may affect the pulp health when the accessory canal exposure occurs, allowing the periodontopathogenic klasifikzsi to cause inflammatory reactions followed by pulp necrosis. The periodontal disease has gradually spread along the root surface towards the apex.

Klasifikasi Penyakit Periodontal Part 1 Documents. Klasifikasi Peenyakit Periodontal Baru Documents. Terjadinya kerusakan tulang yangluas danjaringan periodontal secara cepat7. For diagnostic purposes, it is imperative for the clinician to insert a gutta-percha cone into the sinus tract and to take one or more radiographs to periodontitus the origin of the lesion.

Replacement resorption or ankylosis occurs following extensive necrosis of the periodontal ligament with formation of bone onto a denuded area of the root surface. Published on Nov View 14 Download If the lesions are not well treated periodonritis the canals are not disinfected and sealed completely, they will house bacterial necrotic rests, which account for the progression of the lesion or even perodontitis the endodontic reinfection [ 13 — 15 ].

View at Google Scholar S. On the other hand, Langeland et al. Penyakit gingiva yang dimodifikasi oleh obatII. Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions Documents.

Madison and Wilcox [ 13 ] found that exposure of root canals to the oral environment leads to coronal leakage, and in some cases along the entire length of the root canal. periodontitie


Gingiva mudah berdarah saat menyikat gigi Gingiva mengalami inflamasi dan peka jika disentuh, Gingiva bengkak, Gingiva berwarna kemerahan, Kemungkinan napas berbau dan mulut terasa tidak enak. When root perforation occurs, communications between the root canal system and either periradicular tissues or the oral cavity may often reduce the prognosis of treatment.


It is generally advisable to treat both tissues concurrently in order to create the most favorable environment for healing.

Several authors, through their studies, diverge on the contamination routes. Table of Contents Alerts. Periodontitiz receive news and publication updates for International Journal of Dentistry, enter your email address in the box below. The pathways for the spread of bacteria between pulpal and periodontal tissues are still a subject of controversy [ 2 — 6 ]. Taking into consideration all these factors and the divergences regarding the origin and direction that these infections developed, the new modified classification of these lesions has been justified.

International Journal of Dentistry

Classification of periodontal disease and conditions Adanya nekrosis tepi gingiva yang meluas kedaerah gingiva yang melekat3. This condition is most often seen as a complication of luxation injuries, especially in avulsed teeth that have been out of their sockets in dry conditions for several hours. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Berhubungan dengan sistem endokrin1. The potential for replacement resorption was also associated with periodontal wound healing. There is a more extensive periodontal pocket which has occurred as a result of the drainage from noxious agents present in an infected root canal system. The artificial pathways between periodontal and pulpal tissues are vertical root fractures.

Long-term existence of the defect has resulted in deposits of plaque and calculus in the pocket with subsequent advancement of the periodontal disease. Improper manipulation of endodontic instruments can also lead to a perforation of the root.

Gigi goyang bahkan tanggal Napas berbau, rasa tidak enak dalam mulut yang menetap Akar gigi terbuka dan sensitif terhadap panas dan dingin Poket klasifkiasi gigi dan gingiva telah mencapai kedalaman 6 mm. Gingivitis yang berhubungan dengan siklus menstruasi3. It is the leakage of bacterial elements from the oral environment along the margin of the restoration to the endodontic filling.


The simultaneous existence of pulpal problems and inflammatory periodontal disease can complicate diagnosis and treatment planning. This highlights the importance of taking the complete clinical history and making the right diagnosis to ensure correct prognosis and treatment. The most common cause of vertical root fracture in endodontically treated teeth is the excessive force used during lateral condensation of gutta-percha.

Disertai dengan kontribusi faktor local2. Gingivitis yang berhubungan dengan masa pubertas2. The pulp may remain vital but may show some degenerative changes over time.

Tanpa adanya kontribusi faktor lokal lainnyab. In such klasifkasi, it is not essential to determine which disease entity occurred first as the treatment will klasifikxsi both endodontic and periodontal management.

Due to the complexity of these infections, an interdisciplinary approach with a good collaboration between klasufikasi, Periodontist, and microbiologists is recommended. In such cases, it is advisable to treat the periodontal tissues only. Lesi gabungan periodontik-endodontik Adapun tanda dan gejala dari penyakit periodontal, antara lain: A fractal model for periodontal breakdown in periodontal disease Documents. View at Google Scholar G. Although there is existence of these communication routes, the mechanism of direct transmission of the periodontal infection to the pulp is still controversial.


The irritating chemical may diffuse through the dentinal tubules, and when combined with heat, they are likely to cause necrosis of the cementum, inflammation of the periodontal ligament, and subsequently root resorption [ 3637 ]. The pulp subsequently becomes necrotic and infected.